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Verb tense - Future Continuous

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Future Continuous

Future Continuous has two different forms: "will be doing " and "be going to be doing.".

FORM Future Continuous with "Will"

[will be + present participle]

Examples:

  • Affirmative: Half an hour from now, the cinema will be full. Everyone will be watching the film.
  • Negative: You will not be waiting for her when her train arrives tonight.
  • Interrogative: Will you be waitingfor her when her plane arrives tonight?

FORM Future Continuous with "Be Going To "

[am/is/are + going to be + present participle]

Examples:

  • Affirmative: You are going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
  • Negative: You are not going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight.
  • Interrogative: Are you going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives tonight?

REMEMBER: It is possible to use either "will" or "be going to" to create the Future Continuous with little difference in meaning.

Using "Will"

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
  • I will be waiting.
  • You will be waiting.
  • We will be waiting.
  • They will be waiting.
  • He will be waiting.
  • She will be waiting.
  • It will be waiting.
  • I will not be waiting.
  • You will not be waiting.
  • We will not be waiting.
  • They will not be waiting.
  • He will not be waiting.
  • She will not be waiting.
  • It will not be waiting.
  • Will I be waiting?
  • Will you be waiting?
  • Will we be waiting?
  • Will they be waiting?
  • Will he be waiting?
  • Will she be waiting?
  • Will it be waiting?

Using "Be Going To"

Affirmative Negative Interrogative
  • I am going to be waiting.
  • You are going to be waiting.
  • We are going to be waiting.
  • They are going to be waiting.
  • He is going to be waiting.
  • She is going to be waiting.
  • It is going to be waiting.
  • I am not going to be waiting.
  • You are not going to be waiting.
  • We are not going to be waiting.
  • They are not going to be waiting.
  • He is not going to be waiting.
  • She is not going to be waiting.
  • It is not going to be waiting.
  • Am I going to be waiting?
  • Are you going to be waiting?
  • Are we going to be waiting?
  • Are they going to be waiting?
  • Is he going to be waiting?
  • Is she going to be waiting?
  • Is it going to be waiting?

Interrupted Action in the Future

Use the Future Continuous to indicate that a longer action in the future will be interrupted by a shorter action in the future. Remember this can be a real interruption or just an interruption in time.

Examples:

  • I will be watching TV when she arrives tonight.
  • I will be waiting for you when your bus arrives.
  • I am going to be staying at the Madison Hotel, if anything happens and you need to contact me.
  • He will be studying at the library tonight, so he will not see Jennifer when she arrives.

Notice in the examples above that the interruptions (marked in italics) are in Simple Present rather than Simple Future. This is because the interruptions are in time clauses, and you cannot use future tenses in time clauses.

Specific Time as an Interruption in the Future

 In addition to using short actions as interruptions, you can also use a specific time as an interruption.

Examples:

  • Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
    I will be in the process of eating dinner.
  • At midnight tonight, we will still be driving through the desert.
    We will be in the process of driving through the desert.

REMEMBER

In the Simple Future, a specific time is used to show the time an action will begin or end. In the Future Continuous, a specific time interrupts the action.

Examples:

  • Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to eat dinner.
    I am going to start eating at 6 PM.
  • Tonight at 6 PM, I am going to be eating dinner.
    I am going to start earlier and I will be in the process of eating dinner at 6 PM.

Parallel Actions in the Future

When you use the Future Continuous with two actions in the same sentence, it expresses the idea that both actions will be happening at the same time. The actions are parallel.

Examples:

  • I am going to be studying and he is going to be making dinner.
  • Tonight, they will be eating dinner,discussing their plans, and having a good time.
  • While Ellen is reading, Tim will be watching television.
    Notice "is reading" because of the time clause containing "while."

Atmosphere in the Future

In English, we often use a series of Parallel Actions to describe atmosphere at a specific point in the future.

Example:

  • When I arrive at the party, everybody is going to be celebrating. Some will be dancing. Others are going to be talking. A few people will be eating pizza, and several people are going to be drinking beer. They always do the same thing.

REMEMBER No Future in Time Clauses

Like all future tenses, the Future Continuous cannot be used in clauses beginning with time expressions such as: when, while, before, after, by the time, as soon as, if, unless, etc.

Examples:

  • While I am going to be finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner.Not Correct
  • While I am finishing my homework, she is going to make dinner. Correct

ADVERB PLACEMENT

The examples below show the placement for grammar adverbs such as: always, only, never, ever, still, just, etc.

Examples:

  • You will still be waiting for her when her plane arrives.
  • Will you still be waiting for her when her plane arrives?
  • You are still going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives.
  • Are you still going to be waiting for her when her plane arrives?

ACTIVE / PASSIVE

Examples:

  • At 8:00 PM tonight, John will be washing the dishes. Active
  • At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes will be being washed by John. Passive
  • At 8:00 PM tonight, John is going to be washing the dishes. Active
  • At 8:00 PM tonight, the dishes are going to be being washed by John.Passive

NOTE: Passive forms of the Future Continuous are not common.

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